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Dianne Williams Wildt, MBA

Certified Retirement Counselor®

Since 1983 in the financial services and investment industry


Retirement Pathways, Inc.

4500 Bowling Blvd., Suite 100

Louisville, KY 40207


Phone:  502-797-1258


Email: dianne@retirementpathways.com

Website: www.retirementpathways.com

May/June 2023

What You Need to Know About Bond Funds

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During an unsettled economy, investors often turn to bonds as a hedge against fluctuating stock values. While bonds can offer a buffer, they may not provide returns that outpace inflation and move investors closer to their savings goals. However, bond funds still can play an important role in your portfolio.

Bond Fund Basics
Corporations, governments and municipalities issue bonds to provide operating cash flow, finance debt and fund capital investments in schools, highways, hospitals and other projects. Investors purchase bonds because they provide a predictable income stream and may offset exposure to more volatile stock holdings.

Types of Bond Funds
Corporate bonds are issued by public and private corporations and are generally divided into investment grade and non-investment grade (high-yield or “junk” bonds). High-yield bonds typically offer higher interest rates in exchange for their increased risk of default (i.e. not making payments). Municipal bonds are issued by states, cities, counties and other government entities to fund daily operations and finance capital projects. Municipal bond funds may include bonds that are exempt from federal, and sometimes state, taxation.

Bond Risks
As with any investment, bonds carry general types of risk.

  1. Interest Rate Risk. Bond prices and yields move in opposite directions. When interest rates rise, the market value of bonds in a bond fund generally will go down. Bonds with longer maturities are more vulnerable to interest rate risk.

  2. Credit Risk. Issuers of bonds owned by the fund may default and fail to pay the debt they owe on the bonds that were issued.

  3. Prepayment Risk. An issuer may pay off a bond early and issue new bonds at a lower interest rate.

Talk with your financial professional before you decide to invest in bond funds.

*Investors should consider the investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses of the fund carefully before investing. Contact the issuing firm to obtain a prospectus which should be read carefully before investing or sending money.


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Investment advisory services offered through American Capital Management, Inc., a State Registered Investment Advisor. Retirement Pathways, Inc. is independent of American Capital Management, Inc.
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