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Dianne Williams Wildt, MBA

Certified Retirement Counselor®

Since 1983 in the financial services and investment industry


Retirement Pathways, Inc.

4500 Bowling Blvd., Suite 100

Louisville, KY 40207


Phone:  502-797-1258


Email: dianne@retirementpathways.com

Website: www.retirementpathways.com

September/October 2023

Planning for Retirement? Keep Taxes in Mind

Miniature people : Couple oldman standing with Calculator,business,tax concept.

Do you have big plans for retirement? The IRS has some big plans, too, namely to collect the taxes you didn’t pay on the tax-deferred savings in your employer’s qualified retirement plan or traditional IRA. As you contemplate life after work, think about how the money you’ve invested for retirement will be taxed. Your tax advisor and financial professional can help.

401(k), 403(b) Plan/Traditional IRA —
Contributions and earnings are tax deferred until withdrawal. Starting in 2023, required minimum distributions (RMDs) start at age 73. For 401(k) and 403(b) plans, RMDs can be delayed if you’re still working and don’t own more than five percent of the company. For traditional IRAs, RMDs must start at age 73 even if you’re still working. Withdrawals are taxed at your ordinary income tax rate. Withdrawals before age 59½ generally incur a 10% penalty.

Roth IRA and Roth 401(k) —
Contributions are made with after-tax dollars, but withdrawals of earnings are tax free. Account owners can make penalty free withdrawals of earnings after age 59½ once the account has been open for at least five years.

Pensions —
Withdrawals are taxable at ordinary income tax rates, assuming no after-tax contributions were made.

Social Security —
Benefits aren’t taxed if provisional income is less than $25,000 for single filers and $32,000 for married joint filers. With income between $25,000 - $34,000 single and $32,000 - $44,000 joint, up to 50% of benefits may be taxed. If provisional income exceeds $34,000 single and $44,000 joint, up to 85% of benefits may be taxed. Provisional income equals your income and any tax-exempt interest, plus 50% of your Social Security benefit.

Annuities —
If annuities are purchased with pretax dollars, such as in a qualified retirement account, payments are taxable as ordinary income.

Stocks, Bonds, Mutual Funds —
Proceeds from the sale of investments held longer than one year are taxed at long-term capital gains rates. Gains on investments held less than one year are taxed at ordinary income tax rates.

Municipal Bonds —
Interest is exempt from federal, and sometimes state, tax. Capital gains rates apply to the sale of municipal and corporate bonds.

Dividends —
Qualified dividends are taxed at capital gains rates. Nonqualified dividends are taxed at ordinary income tax rates.


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Investment advisory services offered through American Capital Management, Inc., a State Registered Investment Advisor. Retirement Pathways, Inc. is independent of American Capital Management, Inc.
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